Bibliography

A PDF of the Bibliography will be available after I have completed revisions of the Historiographical Unpacking of the 31 August 1854 narratives.

 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bishop, William J., and Sue Goldie, eds. 1962. A Bio-Bibliography of Florence Nightingale. London: Dawsons. [See Documents for cited pages.]

Bostridge, Mark. 2008. Florence Nightingale. The Woman and Her Legend. London: Viking Penguin. [See Documents for cited pages.]

Boylan, Dave. 2009. Finding Baby Lewis. <http://kora.matrix.msu.edu/files/21/120/15-78-AD-22-johnsnow-a0a1f7-a_11479.pdf>

Bradford-Hill, A[ustin]. 1955. Snow — an appreciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 48:1008-12. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-F7>

Bright, Pamela. 1983. Dr. Richard Bright (1789- 1858). London: Bodley Head.

British Medical Directory for England, Scotland, and Wales. 1853. London. Digitized by Internet Archive.

Brody, Howard and Peter Vinten-Johansen. 1991. Teaching History of Medicine by Case Study and Small Group Discussion. Journal of Medical Humanities 12: 19-24.

Brody, Howard, Michael Rip, Peter Vinten-Johansen, Nigel Paneth, and Steven Rachman. 2000. Map-making and myth-making in Broad Street: the London cholera epidemic, 1854. Lancet 356 (1 July):64-68.

Bynum, William F. 1994. Science and the Practice of Medicine. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univer- sity Press.

Chapple, John A. V., and Arthur Pollard, eds. 1966. The Letters of Mrs. Gaskell. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Chapple, John A. V., and Alan Shelston, eds. 2000. Further Letters of Mrs. Gaskell. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Cholera Inquiry Committee [CIC]. 1855. Report on the Cholera Outbreak in the Parish of St. James, Westminster, during the Autumn of 1854. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-AA>

Clark, Charles. 1846. Non-contagious nature of cholera, and its treatment. Lancet 1 (May):651- 52. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-150>

Clover/Snow Collection. Woodward Biomedical Library, University of British Columbia, Canada. Section VIII.5 (John Snow).

——. 1857. John Snow’s Last Will and Testament. VIII.5.ii (20 August). <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-153>

——. 1858. Burial of John Snow, receipt from Economic Funeral Company, London. VIII.5.i (21 June). <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-154>

Cook, Edward T. 1913. The Life of Florence Nightingale. 2 Vols. London: Macmillan. [See Documents for cited page.]

Cooper, Edmund. 1854. Report on an enquiry and examination into the state of the drainage of the houses situate in that part of the Parish of St. James, Westminster, in which deaths have occurred from cholera to so great an extent. London: Metropolitan Commission of Sewers.

Cope, Zachary. 1958. Florence Nightingale and the Doctors. Philadelphia: Lippincott. [See Documents for cited page.]

Copland, James. 1839. A Dictionary of Practical Medicine, vol. 1. London: Longmans.

Copland, James, and the Editors. 1846. Infectious nature of pestilential cholera. London Medical Gazette (18 September):517-21.<http://johnsnow. matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-140>

Corbyn, Frederick, and Gilbert Blane. 1821. Account of the epidemic spasmodic cholera, which has lately prevailed in India, and other adjacent colonies and islands, and at sea. Medico-Chirurgical Transactions 11: 110-56. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-130> [The entire article may be downloaded as a PDF file on the US National Library of Medicine PMC web site: <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC2116474/>.

Cunningham, Peter. 1850. Hand-Book of London, Past and Present. London: John Murray.

Dunglison, Robley. 1860. Dictionary of Medical Science. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea.

Durey, Michael. 1979. The Return of the Plague: British Society and the Cholera 1831-2. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.

Editors. 1842. Medium of contagion. Lancet 2 (15 October):111. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-141>

Editors. 1848. Asiatic cholera is non-contagious. Medical Times 19 (14 October):11-12. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-14D>

Editors. 1849. Diffusion of cholera by fomites. London Medical Gazette 43 (2 February):199-202. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-14A>

Editors. 2013. Obituary: John Snow. Lancet 381 (13 April):1269-70. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-1A5>

Ellis, Richard H. 1984. Introduction to The Case Books of Dr. John Snow. London: Wellcome In- stitute for the History of Medicine. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-F2>

Ero [pseudonym]. 1837. Influenza and cholera. Lancet 2 (18 March:115. <http://johnsnow.ma- trix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-13D>

Eyler, John M. 1973. William Farr on the cholera: the sanitarian’s disease theory and the statistician’s method. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 28:79-100.

——. 1979. Victorian Social Medicine. The Ideas and Methods of William Farr. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Farr, William. 1842. Appendix to the 4th Annual Report of the Registrar-General of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in England. London: HMSO. <http://www.histpop.org/ohpr/servlet/>  (then click Browse>Registrar General)

——. 1852. Report on the Mortality of Cholera in England. London: HMSO. <http://pds.lib.harvard. edu/pds/view/8278007>

Fourcault, Dr., and the Editors. 1849. Cholera only contagious in its typhoidal form. London Medical Gazette (9 February):261. <http://johnsnow. matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-147>

French, John G. 1846. Observations on cholera. London Medical Gazette 38 (21 August):328-31.

Frerichs, Ralph. n.d. John Snow–a historical giant in epidemiology. Online electronic resource, regularly updated. <http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/ snow.html>

Frettenbacher, Dr., and the Editors. 1849. Conclusions respecting the mode of the propagation of cholera in Russia, 1847-48. London Medical Gazette 43 (2 February):217.

Frost, Wade Hampton. 1965. Snow on Cholera, being a reprint of two papers [On the Mode of Communication of Cholera (1855) and “Continuous molecular changes” (1853)]. 1936. Reprint, New York: Commonwealth Club. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-F9>

Garrett, Laurie. 1995. The Coming Plague. Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance. New Your: Penguin. <http://kora.matrix.msu. edu/files/21/120/15-78-96-22-johnsnow-a0a0r4- a_11479.pdf>

Garrison, Fielding. 1921. An Introduction to the History of Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.

Godfrey, Alan. Old Ordnance Survey Maps. Leadgate, UK: Alan Godfrey Maps. <http://www. alangodfreymaps.co.uk/>

Goldie, Sue. 1983. A Calendar of the Letters of Florence Nightingale. [Microform] Oxford. <http://www.florence-nightingale-avenging-angel.co.uk/goldie/index.htm>[The online version is courtesy of Hugh Small. Dates of letters follow the European convention, day/month/year.]

Gould, Stephen Jay. 1989. Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. New York: Norton.

Haldane, Elizabeth S. Mrs. Gaskell and Her Friends. 1931. London: Hodder & Stoughton.

Hamlin, Christopher. 2009. Cholera: The Biography. New York: Oxford University Press.

——. 2002. Commentary: John Sutherland’s Epidemiology of Constitutions. International Journal of Epidemiology 31:915-19. <http://kora.matrix. msu.edu/files/21/120/15-78-136-22-2002- Sutherland-Hamlin.pdf>

Harthill, Rosemary, ed. 1996. Florence Nightingale: Letters and Reflections. Evesham, UK: Arthur James.

Hempel, Sandra. 2007. The Strange Case of the Broad Street Pump. John Snow and the Mystery of Cholera. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Henig, Robin Marantz. 1997. The People’s Health. Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry. <http://kora. matrix.msu.edu/files/21/120/15-78-97-22-john- snow-a0a0r5-a_11479.pdf>

Hexter, J. H. 1971. Doing History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Hillerman, Tony. 1982. The Dark Wind. New York: HarperCollins.

Hingeston, J. A. 1855. Atmosphere in relation to disease [general miasmatism]. Journal of Public Health, and Sanitary Review (December):351-59.

Hobbs, Colleen A. 1997. Florence Nightingale. New York: Twayne. [See Documents for cited page.]

Huxley, Elspeth. 1975. Florence Nightingale. New York: Putnam.

James, J. H. 1848. [Infectious] Nature and probable causes of the propagation of cholera maligna. London Medical Gazette 42 (1 December):929-34. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-149>

Johnson, James. 1831. To the Editor of the Times. (London) Times (27 June): 6, b-c. <http://john- snow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-139>

——. 1831a. On the [contingent] contagion of cholera. (London) Times (29 October): 3, f. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-13A>

——. 1831b. To the Editor of the Lancet. Lancet (3 December):339. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-13B>

 Johnson, Steven. 2006. The Ghost Map. The Story of London’s Most Terrifying Epidemic–and How it Changed Science, Cities, and the Modern World. New York: Riverhead Books.

Johnston, Charles. 1837. Cholera at Limehouse. Lancet (November):240-42.

Kelly & Co. 1856. Kelly’s Directory of London. CD. Salisbury, UK: S&N Genealogy Supplies.

Keynes, Richard Darwin. editor. 2001. Charles Darwin’s Beagle Diary, 1831-36. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kolata, Gina. 1999. Flu. The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus that Caused It. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Lankester, Edwin. 1836. Essay on the uncertainty of medical science, and the numerical method of M. Louis. London Medical and Surgical Journal 10:468-76 [read at the Medical Society of the University of London on 25 November 1836]. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-12F>

——. 1866. Cholera: What is it? And how to prevent it. (London: George Routledge & Sons. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-FA>

Larsson, Stieg. 2005. Mænd der hader kvinder. Danish translation from the Swedish by Ellen Boen. 2nd ed. Århus: Modtryk. [2008. The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, translated into English by Reg Keeland. New York: Vintage.]

Laycock, Thomas. 1846. Summer diarrhœa, cholera, and typhus fever. London Medical Gazette 38 (7 August):227-35.

Leleux, Robin. 1984. The East Midlands. Vol 9

of A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. 2d ed. Newton Abbot [UK]: David St John Thomas.

London Medical Directory 1846. <http://books. google.com/>.

Longmate, Norman. 1966. King Cholera: The Biography of a Disease. London: Hamish Hamilton.

Luckin, Bill. 1986. Pollution and Control. A social history of the Thames in the nineteenth century. Bristol, England: Adam Hilger.

MacKinnon, Andy, Jim Pojar, and Roy Coupé, eds. 1992. Plants of Northern British Columbia. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Lone Star.

Mannix, Patrick, et al. 2007. Find your way round mid-Victorian London: Edward Stanford’s Library Map of London and its Suburbs, 1862. Guildford, UK: Motco Enterprises Ltd.

Mattingly, Garrett. 1959. The Armada. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

McDiarmid, G. Williamson and Peter Vinten-Johansen. 1993. The teaching and learning of history—from the inside out. East Lansing, MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning.

McDiarmid, G. Williamson. 1994. Understanding history for teaching: a study of the historical understanding of prospective teachers. In Marie Carretero and James F. Voss, Cognitive and Instructional Processes in History and the Social Sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

——. 1996. Challenging prospective teachers’ understandings of history: an examination of a historiography seminar. In Leona Schauble and Robert Glaser, Innovations in Learning. New Environments for Education. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

McDonald, Lynn, ed. 2001. An Introduction of Her Life and Family. Vol. 1 of Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Waterloo, ON, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. [See Documents for cited pages.]

——. 2004. Florence Nightingale on Public Health. Vol. 6 of Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Waterloo, ON, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Medical Times and Gazette (MTG). 1854. Cholera (2 September):249.

——. 1854a. Cholera. MTG (9 September):274-76.

Milroy, Gavin. 1847. On the writings of Sydenham. Lancet 1 (16 January):60-65; (10 April):375-78; (17 April):400-03. Lancet 2 (7 August):152-56; (25 December):673-77). <http:// johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78- 13E>

Miller, W. Allen and E. Frankland. 1866. The Broad Street Pump. (London) Times (31 July):4, col. G.

Mühry, Dr. 1856. Miasmatic and contagious diseases — the distinctions between them — and their geographical relations. Edinburgh Medical Journal 1 (January):657.<http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-145>

National Public Radio (NPR). 2010. Cholera. Talk of the Nation/Science Friday (29 October) <http://www.sciencefriday.com/program/ar- chives/201010296>.

Newton, John Frank. 1811. The Return to Nature, or, A Defence of the Vegetable Regimen; with Some Account of an Experiment Made During the Last Three or Four Years in the Author’s Family. London: T. Cadell & W. Davies.

O’Malley, Ida Beatrice. 1931. Florence Nightingale 1820-1856, A Study of Her Life down to the End of the Crimean War. London: Thornton Butterworth. [See Documents for cited pages.]

Oxford English Dictionary (OED; Compact Edition). 1971. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press.

Parkes, Edmund A. 1855. Review of Snow’s Mode of Communication of Cholera. British and Foreign Medical Review (April):449-63. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-C1>

Pattison, Eliot. 2009. Water Touching Stone. 2001. Reprint, New York: Minotaur Books.

——. Bone Rattler. 2008. Berkeley: Counterpoint.

Pelling, Margaret. 1978. Cholera, Fever and English Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Porter, Roy. 1997. The Greatest Benefit to Mankind. A Medical History of Humanity. New York: W. W. Norton.

Power, D’Arcy. 1898. John Snow. In Sidney Lee, ed., Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 53. New York: Macmillan.

Rawnsley, Hardwicke D. 1898. Henry Whitehead, 1825-1896: A Memorial Sketch. Glascow: James McLehose & Sons.

Richardson, Benjamin W. 1855. Water in relation to health and disease. Journal of Public Health & Sanitary Review 1:130-40. <http://johnsnow. matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-14B>

——. 1858. The life of John Snow. In John Snow, On Chloroform and Other Anaesthetics. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-43>

——. 1887. John Snow, M.D. A representative of medical science and art of the Victorian era. The Asclepiad 4:274-300. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-F5>  [The Study Detail contains a summation of changes from the 1858 version.]

——. 1900. John Snow, M.D., a representative of medical science and art of the Victorian era. 1887. Reprint, in Disciples of Æsculapius, vol. 1:227-244. London: Hutchinson. <http://john- snow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-F6>

Rip, Michael. 2006. Limits of disease mapping. The cartographic legacy of Dr. John Snow. Un- published manuscript. (Part 1, 2006a; Part 2, 2006b).

Roberts, Shirley. 1999. John Snow (1813-1858) and Benjamin Ward Richardson (1828-1896): a notable friendship. Journal of Medical Biography 7:42-49.

Rothstein, William G. 1972. American Physicians of the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Schama, Simon. 1992. Dead Certainties (Unwarranted Speculations). 1991. Reprint, New York: Vintage Books.

Sedgwick, William T. 1902. Principles of Sanitary Science and the Public Health. New York: Macmillan.

Sheppard, Francis H. W., ed. 1963. The Parish of St. James Westminster, Part 2: North of Piccadilly. Vol. 31 of The Survey of London. London: Athlone Press.

——. 1971. London, 1808-1870: The Infernal Wen. University of California Press.

——. 1966. The Parish of St. Anne Soho. Vol. 33 of The Survey of London. London: Athlone Press.

——. 1970. The Parish of St. Paul Covent Garden. Vol. 36 of The Survey of London. London: Athlone Press.

Simmons, Jack. 1978. The Railway in England and Wales, 1830-1914. Leicester, UK: Leicester University Press.

——. 1986. The Railway in Town and Country, 1830-1914. London: David & Charles.

——. 1991. The Victorian Railway. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Simon, John. 1856. Report on the Last Two Cholera-Epidemics of London, as Affected by the Consumption of Impure Water. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-7F>

Small, Hugh. 1999. Florence Nightingale. Avenging Angel. London: Constable.

Smith, Francis B. 1982. Florence Nightingale. Reputation and Power. New York: St. Martin’s. [See Documents for cited pages.]

Snow, John. 1836. Doctor’s teetotal address delivered in 1836. Edited by Thomas Snow. British Temperance Advocate (November 1888):182; (January 1889):20-21. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-1>

——. 1847. On the Inhalation of the Vapour of Ether in Surgical Operations. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-1F>

——. 1848. Westminster Medical Society, 21 October 1848. Lancet 2 (4 November): 506- 08. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-B7>

——. 1849. On the Mode of Communication of Cholera [MCC]. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-28>

——. 1849a. On the pathology and mode of communication of cholera [PMCC]. London Medical Gazette 44 (2 November 1849):745-52 <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-2A>; and (30 November 1849):923-29. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-C5>

——. 1851. On the mode of propagation of cholera. Medical Times 24 (29 November):559-62; (13 December):610-12. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-35>

——. 1853. On Continuous Molecular Changes, More Particularly in Their Relation to Epidemic Diseases. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-3A>

——. 1854. Cholera in the Baltic Fleet. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (12 August):170 [ltr. to ed., 5 August 1854]. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-41>

——. 1854a. Communication of cholera by Thames water. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (2 September):247-48 <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-51>

——. 1854a. The cholera near Golden-square, and at Deptford. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (23 September):321-22. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-45>

——. 1854c. On the communication of cholera by impure Thames water. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (7 October):365-66. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-50>

——. 1855. On the Mode of Communication of Cholera [MCC2]. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-52>

——. 1855a. Dr. Snow’s Report. In Cholera Inquiry Committee, Report on the Cholera Outbreak in the Parish of St. James, Westminster, during the Autumn of 1854. London: Churchill. [completed and given to the committee on 12 December 1854] <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-55>

——. 1856. Cholera and the water supply. Times (26 June):12, col. B. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-4F>

——. 1856a. Cholera and the water supply in the south districts of London in 1854 [SoLo56]. Journal of Public Health, and Sanitary Review 2 (October):239-57. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-56>

——. 1857. Cholera, and the water supply in the south districts of London. British Medical Journal 2 (17 October):864-65. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-63>

——. 1858. On Chloroform and Other Anæsthetics. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix. msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-9D>

——. 1994. The Case Books of Dr. John Snow, edited by Richard H. Ellis. London: Wellcome In- stitute for the History of Medicine. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-AC>

Snow, Thomas. 1885. Propagation of cholera. (London) Times (26 September):6, col. B. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-111>

——. 1885a. Dr. Snow on the communication of cholera. (London) Times (20 November):4, col. F. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-112>

Stamp, Dudley. 1964. Some Aspects of Medical Geography. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stewart, Alexander P. 1854. Cholera in St. James. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (30 Septem- ber):351.

——. 1854a. Cholera in the Middlesex Hospital. Medical Times and Gazette 9 (7 October):363-65. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work. php?id=15-78-D6>

Times Digital Archive. Cengage Learning, via E-resources, Michigan State University Libraries.

United Kingdom [UK]. City of Westminster Archives. Unlisted parish records. D – St. James, Piccadilly. London.

——. General Board of Health [GBoH]. Medical Council. 1855. Appendix to the Report of the Committee for Scientific Inquiries in Relation to the Cholera-Epidemic of 1854. London: HMSO. [See Documents for the Schedules prepared by house inspectors during the local outbreak in St. James, Westminster.]

——. ——. ——. 1855. Plan shewing the ascertained deaths from cholera in part of the Parishes of St. James, Westminster and St. Anne, Soho, during the summer and autumn of 1854, (after page 322) in Appendix to the Report of the Committee for Scientific Inquiries in Relation to the Cholera-Epidemic of 1854. London: HMSO.

——. General Register Office. 1853. Weekly Return of Births and Deaths in London, vol. 14. London: HMSO. [Citations in the Historiographical Unpacking chapters include the week number and page(s) in the bound version produced at the end of each year. See Documents for cited pages.]

——. ——. 1854. Weekly Return of Births and Deaths in London, vol. 15. London: HMSO.

——. Parliament. 1844. First Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring into the State of Large Towns and Populous Districts. 2 Vols. HMSO. [See Documents for cited pages.]

——. Parliament. 1845. Second Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring into the State of Large Towns and Populous Districts. 2 Vols. HMSO. [See Documents for cited pages.]

Vandenbroucke, Jan P. 2001. Changing images of John Snow in the history of epidemiology. Sozial- und Präventivmedicin 46:288-293.

Vicinus, Martha and Bea Nergaard, eds. 1990. Ever yours, Florence Nightingale: Selected Letters. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

 Vinten-Johansen, Peter, et al. 2003. Cholera, Chloroform, and the Science of Medicine: A Life of John Snow. New York: Oxford University Press.

Vinten-Johansen, Peter. n.d. Word Comparison and Analysis: 5. Snow’s multiple investigations in Broad Street. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ schemas.php>

——. 2013. In fairness to Snow. <http://john- snow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-162> Posted 19 October.

Wachtel, Eleanor. 2009. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation’s Writers and Company (20 Decem- ber). <http://www.cbc.ca/writersandcompany/ episode/2009/12/20/sunday-20-december- 2009-and-wednesday-23-december-2009-james- wood/>

Watkins, F. W. 1852. London Commercial and General Directory. CD. Salisbury, UK: S&N Genealogy Supplies.

Watson, Dr. 1842. Lectures on the Principles and Practice of Physic. London Medical Gazette 30 (15 April):113-20. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-144>

Westminster Medical Society. 1832. Discussion on the cholera. Lancet 2 (7, 14, and 21 April):21-24, 51-54, 85-88. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-D4>

——. 183ab. Concluding debate on the contagion or non-contagion of cholera. Lancet 2 (5 May):146-50. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/ work.php?id=15-78-13F>

Whitehead, Henry. 1854. The Cholera in Berwick Street. London: Hope & Co. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu.edu/work.php?id=15-78-7C>

——. 1855. Special investigation of Broad Street. In Cholera Inquiry Committee, Report on the Cholera Outbreak in the Parish of St. James, Westminster, during the Autumn of 1854. London: Churchill. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-7D>

——. 1856. The Church and the People: twelve sermons preached at St. Luke’s Church, Berwick Street. London: Skeffington.

——. 1865. The Broad Street pump: An episode in the cholera epidemic of 1854. Macmillan’s Magazine (December): 113-22.

——. 1866. The influence of impure water on the spread of cholera. Macmillan’s Magazine (July): 182-90.

——. 1868. Remarks on the outbreak of cholera in Broad Street, Golden Square, London, 1854. Transactions of the Epidemiological Society of London, 3:99-104. <http://johnsnow.matrix.msu. edu/work.php?id=15-78-82>

Wilford, John Noble. 2008. Plague: How cholera helped shape New York. New York Times (15 April):D4.

Wohl, Anthony S. 1983. Endangered Lives. Public Health in Victorian Britain. London: Methuen.

Wood, James. 2008. How Fiction Works. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Woodham-Smith, Cecil. 1950. Florence Nightingale 1820-1910. London: Constable.

York, Jehoshaphat. 1855. Mr. York’s report. In Cholera Inquiry Committee, Report on the Cholera Outbreak in the Parish of St. James, Westminster, during the Autumn of 1854. London: Churchill. <>