Selected Bibliography

Cholera, Chloroform, and the Science of Medicine

Due to space limitations, the published bibliography only contained information relevant to titles mentioned in the chapter endnotes. For the Web site version, we have added some explanatory information about Snow's writings and corrected a few typographical errors.

Ackerknecht, Erwin H. "Anti–contagionism between 1821 and 1867." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 22 (1948): 562–93.

––––. A Short History of Medicine, rev. ed. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Adams, C. N. "Scolding wives, squealing pigs, and other matters: The lay reaction to the introduction of anaesthesia in Victorian England." Proceedings of the History of Anaesthesia Society 20 (1997): 44–58.

Annesley, James. Sketches of the Most Prevalent Diseases of India, Comprising, a Treatise on the Epidemic Cholera of the East. London: Thomas & George Underwood, 1825.

Anning, Stephen. T. "Provincial medical schools in the nineteenth century." In The Evolution of Medical Education in Britain, edited by Frederick N. L. Poynter, 121–34. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1966.

Armstrong, Alan. Stability and Change in an English County Town. London: Cambridge University Press, 1974.

Artusio, J. F. "Ether analgesia during major surgery." JAMA 157 (1955): 33–36.

Ashcroft, Anthony. "John Snow-Victorian physician." In Medicine in Northumbria: Essays on the History of Medicine in the North East of England, 246–60. Newcastle–upon–Tyne: The Pybus Society for the History and Bibliography of Medicine, 1993.

Association Medical Journal. Journal for the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association. New Series. London, 1853–56.

Bailey, James B. "The Medical institutions of London." BMJ 1 (1895): 1289–91, 1349–50, 1388–89; 2 (1895): 24–26, 100–03.

Baines, Edward. History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York. Leeds: Edward Baines, 1823.

Baldwin, Peter. Contagion and the State in Europe, 1830–1930. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Barnet, Margaret C. "The 1832 cholera epidemic in York." Medical History 16 (1972): 27–39.

Barrett, Frank A. Disease & Geography: The History of An Idea. York, Ontario: York University, Atkinson College, 2000.

Barua, Dhiman and William B. Greenough, eds. Cholera. New York: Plenum, 1992.

Bazalgette, Joseph W. On the Metropolitan System of Drainage, and the Interception of the Sewage from the River Thames. London: William Clowes, 1865.

Bell, George Hamilton. Treatise on Cholera Asphyxia, or Epidemic Cholera, as It Appeared in Asia, and More Recently in Europe. Edinburgh: William Blackwell, 1831.

Benson, Edwin. "A history of education in York, 1780–1902." PhD diss., London University, 1932.

Benson, George. An Account of the City and County of the City of York: From the Reformation to the Year 1925. 1925. Reprint, East Ardsley, England: S. R. Publishers, 1968.

Bentivoglio, Marina and Paolo Pacini. "Filippo Pacini: A determined observer." Brain Research Bulletin 38 (1995): 161–65.

Billings, John S. Bibliography of Cholera. Washington: GPO, 1875.

Bird, Golding. Urinary Deposits: Their Diagnosis, Pathology, andTherapeutical Indications, 3rd ed. London: Churchill, 1851.

Bonderup, Gerda. "Cholera–Morbro'er" og Danmark. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1994.

Booth, R. K. York: The History and Heritage of a City. London: Barrie & Jenkins, 1990.

Borthwick Institute of Historical Research. "All Saints North Street baptismal register, 1750–1807." PR Y/ASN 2. University of York, England.

––––. "All Saints North Street baptismal register, 1808–12." PR Y/ASN 3. University of York, England.

––––. "All Saints North Street baptismal register, 1813–35." PR Y/ASN 4. University of York, England.

––––."All Saints North Street marriage register, 1754–1812." PR Y/ASN 6.

––––. "Last Will and Testament of John Empson." 2 May 1843. Under 100£ Prerogative, July 1850.

––––. "Water Rates Collection Book for 1795." Temp. ref. Sch. 3A. University of York, England.

Brande, William T. and Alfred S. Taylor. Chemistry. Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lear, 1863.

Bright, Pamela. Dr. Richard Bright (1789–1858). London: The Bodley Head, 1983.

Bright, Richard. "Cases and observations, illustrative of renal disease accompanied with the secretion of albuminous urine." Guy's Hospital Reports 1 (1836): 338–400.

––––. Reports of Medical Cases Selected with a View to Illustrating the Symptoms and Cure of Diseases by a Reference to Morbid Anatomy. 2 vols. London, Longman, 1827–31.

British Medical Journal. Journal of the British Medical Association (formerly Provincial Medical and Surgical Association). London, 1857 – .

Brockbank, William. Ancient Therapeutic Arts. London: Heinemann, 1954.

Brockington, Colin. F. Public Health in the Nineteenth Century. Edinburgh: Livingstone, 1965.

Brody, Howard, Michael Rip, Peter Vinten–Johansen, Nigel Paneth, and Stephen Rachman. "Map–making and myth–making in Broad Street: The London cholera epidemic, 1854." Lancet 356 (2000): 64–68.

Brown, Peter. E. "Another look at John Snow." Anaesthesia and Analgesia. Current Researches 43 (1964): 646–53.

––––. "John Snow-The autumn loiterer." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 35 (1961): 519–28.

Brownson Ross C. and Diana B. Petitti. Applied Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Budd, William. Malignant Cholera: Its Mode of Propagation and Its Prevention. London: John Churchill, 1849.

––––. On the Causes of Fevers. 1839. Edited by Dale C. Smith. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

––––. Typhoid Fever: Its Nature, Mode of Spreading, and Prevention. London: Longmans, Green, 1873.

The Builder; an Illustrated Weekly Magazine for the Architect, Engineer, Archæologist, Constructor, Sanitary–Reformer and Art Lover. London, 1843–.

Burnby, Juanita G. L. A Study of the English Apothecary from 1660–1760. Medical History Supplement 3. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1983.

Bynum, W. F. Science and the Practice of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Campbell, R. The London Tradesman, Being a Compendious View Of All the Trades, Professions, Arts, both Liberal and Mechanical, now practised in the Cities of London and Westminster. Calculated for the Information of Parents, and the Instruction of Youth in Their Choice of Business. London: T. Gardner, 1747.

Caton, Donald. What a Blessing She Had Chloroform: The Medical and Social Response to the Pain of Childbirth from 1800 to the Present. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Chadwick, Edwin. Report to Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, from the Poor Law Commissioners on an Inquiry into the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain. London: HMSO, 1842.

Charleton, Robert J. Newcastle Town. London: Walter Scott, 1885.

Chave, Sidney P. W. "Henry Whitehead and cholera in Broad Street." Medical History 2 (1958): 92–108.

Cholera Inquiry Committee. Report on the Cholera Outbreak in the Parish of St. James, Westminster during the Autumn of 1854. London: Churchill, 1855.

Clark, E. Gurney and Anna Gelman. "Epidemiology exercise: Snow on cholera." Bank of Epidemiology Exercises, exercise 1, edition 1, Department of Preventive Medicine, New York Medical College, October 1967.

Clark, George. A History of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.

Clark–Kennedy, A. E. "The London Hospitals and the Rise of the University." In The Evolution of Medical Education in Britain, edited by Frederick N. L. Poynter, 111–20. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1966.

Clarke, Keith. Analytical and Computer Cartography, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice–Hall, 1995.

Clarke, Keith, Sara L. McLafferty, and Barbara J. Tempalski. "On epidemiology and Geographic Information Systems: A review and discussion of future directions." Emerging Infectious Diseases 2 (1996): 1–11.

Clover/Snow Collection. Woodward Biomedical Library, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Cock, Frederick W. "The first major operation under ether in England." UCH Magazine 1 (1911): 127–144.

Coley, Noel G. "The collateral sciences in the work of Golding Bird (1814–1854)." Medical History 13 (1969): 363–76.

Coope, Robert. Diseases of the Chest. Edinburgh: Livingstone, 1944.

Cooper, Edmund. "Report on an enquiry and examination into the state of the drainage of the houses situate[d] in that part of the Parish of St. James, Westminster. . . ." 22 September 1854. MCS 478/21. London Metropolitan Archives.

Cope, Zachary. "The private medical schools of London, 1746–1914." In The Evolution of Medical Education in Britain, edited by Frederick N. L. Poynter, 89–109. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1966.

––––. Royal College of Surgeons of England. A History. London: Royal College of Surgeons, 1959.

Copland, James. A Dictionary of Practical Medicine, vol. 1. London: Longmans, 1839; vol. 2. Cambridge: Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, 1838.

Copeman, William S. C. The Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London. A History 1617–1967. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1967.

Cowdell, Charles. A Disquisition on Pestilential Cholera; Being an Attempt toExplain Its Phenomena, Nature, Cause, Prevention, and Treatment, by Reference to an Extrinsic Fungous Origin. London: Highley, 1848.

Creighton, Charles. A History of Epidemics in Britain. 2 vols. 1894. Reprint, London: Frank Cass, 1965.

Cullen, William. First Lines of the Practice of Physic. 4 vols. Edinburgh: Eliot, 1786.

Cunningham, Peter. Hand–Book of London, Past and Present. London: John Murray, 1850.

DaCosta, John C. Modern Surgery. Philadelphia: Saunders,1915.

Dalton, John. "Experimental enquiry into the proportion of the several gases or elastic fluids, constituting the atmosphere, read Nov. 12, 1802." In Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester 1 (1805): 244–58.

Daley, David J. and Joseph Gani. Epidemic Modelling: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Darwin, Charles. Correspondence, vol. 1, 1821–36. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Davey Smith, George. "Behind the Broad Street pump: aetiology, epidemiology and prevention of cholera in mid–19th century Britain." International Journal of Epidemiology 31 (2002): 920–32.

Davison, M. H. Armstrong. The Evolution of Anesthesia. Altrincham, U.K.: John Sherratt & Son, 1965.

Delaporte, François. Disease and Civilization: The Cholera in Paris, 1832. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986.

Desmond, Adrian. The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Digby, Anne. Evolution of British General Practice 1850–1948. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Digby, Anne and Peter Searby. Children, School, and Society in Nineteenth–Century England. London: Macmillan, 1981.

Doyle, Arthur Conan. The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

––––. The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Duncum, Barbara M. The Development of Inhalation Anesthesia. London: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Dunglison, Robley. A Dictionary of Medical Science. 13th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1856.

Durey, Michael. The Return of the Plague: British Society and the Cholera 1831–2. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1979.

Dyos, Harold J. and Derek H. Aldcroft. British Transport. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1969.

Earles, Melvin P. "The prescription records." In The Casebooks of Dr. John Snow, edited by Richard H. Ellis, xliv–l. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1994.

Elliotson, John. Human Physiology, 5th ed. London: Longman, 1840.

Ellis, Richard H., ed. The Casebooks of Dr. John Snow. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1994.

––––. "Early ether anaesthesia: The news of anaesthesia spreads to the United Kingdom." In The History of Anaesthesia: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, edited by R. S. Atkinson and T. B Boulton, 69–76. London: RSM Services, 1989.

––––. Introduction. John Snow, On Narcotism and the Inhalation of Vapours, edited by Richard H. Ellis, xi–xxvi. London: Royal Society of Medicine, 1991.

Empson, Charles. Narratives of South America, Illustrating Manners, Customs, Scenery. London: Edwards, 1836.

––––. Portfolio of 12 Coulored Drawings Made at Various Localities. London: Ackerman, 1836.

Engel, George L. "The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine." Science 196 (1977):129–36.

English, Mary P. Victorian Values: The Life and Times of Dr. Edwin Lankester. Bristol, U.K.: Biopress, 1990.

Evans, Alun. "Benjamin Guy Babington: Founding president of the London Epidemiological Society." International Journal of Epidemiology 30 (2001): 226–30.

––––. "Let's not forget B G Babington." Lancet 356 (2000): 1870.

Evans, Keith. The Development and Structure of the English School System. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1985.

Evans, Richard. Death in Hamburg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Eyler, John M. "The changing assessments of John Snow and William Farr's cholera studies." Sozial– und Präventivmedizin 46 (2001): 225–32.

––––. Victorian Social Medicine. The Ideas and Methods of William Farr. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

––––. "William Farr on the cholera: The sanitarian's disease theory and the statistician's method." Journal of the History of Medicine 28 (1973): 79–100.

––––. "Parasites and the Germ Theory of Disease." In Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History, edited by Charles E. Rosenberg and Janet Golden, 33–49. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

––––. "The spontaneous generation controversy (1700–1860): The origin of parasitic worms." Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1972) : 95–125.

Farr, William. "Report on the cholera epidemic of 1866 in England." In U.K. Parliament. Sessional Papers, 1867–68, vol. 37.

––––. Report on the Mortality from Cholera in England, 1848–1849. London: HMSO, 1852.

––––. Vital Statistics. A Memorial Volume of Selections from the Reports and Writings of William Farr. 1885. Reprint, Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1975.

Finn, M. W. Introduction. The Medical and Legal Aspects of Sanitary Reform, by Alexander P. Stewart and Edward Jenkins. Reprint, Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1969.

Foster, William D. A History of Parasitology. Edinburgh: Livingstone, 1965.

Foucault, Michel. The Birth of the Clinic: An Archeology of Medical Perception. 1963. Translated by A. M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon Books, 1973.

Frazer, William M. A History of English Public Health, 1834–1939. London: Balliere, Tindall & Cox, 1950.

Friis, Robert H. and Thomas A. Sellers. Epidemiology for Public Health Practice. Gaithersburg, Md.: Aspen, 1996.

Frost, Wade Hampton, ed. Snow on Cholera, Being a Reprint of Two Papers by John Snow MD Together with a Biographical Memoir by B. W. Richardson. 1936. Reprint, New York: Hafner, 1965.

Galbraith, N. Spence. Dr John Snow (1813–1858). His early years. London: Royal Institute of Public Health, 2002.

––––. "Dr John Watson (1790/91–1847) of Burnopfield and his assistant Dr. John Snow." Bulletin, Durham County Local History Society 57 (1998): 32–50.

––––. "Dr. Joshua Parsons (1814–1892) of Beckington Somerset, general practitioner." Somerset Archaeology and Natural History 140 (1997): 105–19.

––––. "Joseph Warburton (1786–1846) of Pateley Bridge and his assistant Dr. John Snow." Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 71 (1999): 225–36.

––––. "William Hardcastle (1794–1860) of Newcastle–upon–Tyne and his pupil John Snow." Archæologia Æliana (The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne) 27 (1999): 155–70.

Gardner, Phil. The Lost Elementary Schools of Victorian England: The People's Education. London: Croom Helm, 1984.

Gay–Lussac, Joseph–Louis. "The expansion of gases by heat." In A Source Book in Physics, edited by William Francis Magie, 165–72. New York: McGraw–Hill, 1935.

Gilbert, Edmund W. "Pioneer maps and health and disease in England." Geographical Journal 124 (1958): 172-83.

Gilman, Sander L., ed. The Face of Madness: Hugh W. Diamond and the Origin of Psychiatric Photography. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1976.

Glass, David V. Numbering the People: The Eighteenth–Century Population Controversy and the Development of Census and Vital Statistics in Britain. Farnborough, U.K.: Heath, 1973.

Gordis, Leon. Epidemiology. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996.

Gotfredsen, Edvard. John Snow, Anæstesiologiens Grundlægger (Founder of Anesthesiology). Copenhagen: 1958.

Greenhow, Thomas M. Cholera, As It Recently Appeared in the Towns of Newcastle and Gateshead; Including Cases Illustrative of its Physiology and Pathology, with a View to the Establishment of Sound Principles of Practice. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1832.

Halliday, Stephen. The Great Stink of London. Sir Joseph Bazalgette and the Cleansing of the Victorian Metropolis. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, 1999.

Hamlin, Christopher. A Science of Impurity; Water Analysis in 19th Century Britain. Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1990.

––––. "John Sutherland's Epidemiology of Constitutions." International Journal of Epidemiology 31 (2002): 915–19.

––––. Public Health and Social Justice in the Age of Chadwick: Britain 1800–1854. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Hare, Augustus. Walks in London, 7th ed., vol. 2. London: George Allen, 1901.

Hargrove, William. History and Description of the Ancient City of York. 2 vols. York: William Alexander, 1818.

Harrison, Brian. Drink and the Victorians. The Temperance Question in England 1815–1872, 2nd ed. Newcastle–under–Lyme: Keele University Press, 1994.

Hartley, David. Observations on Man, His Frame, His Duty, and His Expectations. London: Richardson, 1749.

Hassall, Arthur Hill. Food and Its Adulterations. London: Longman, Brown, Green, & Longmans, 1855.

Hatton, John. "A lecture on the sanitary condition of Chorlton–upon–Medlock delivered at the request of the Manchester and Salford Sanitary Association, 12 January 1854." Manchester: Beresford & Galt, 1854.

Hays, J. N. "The London lecturing empire." In Metropolis and Province, Science in British Culture, 1780–1850, edited by Ian Inkster and Jack Morrell, 91–119. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Herschel, John F. W. A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy. 1830. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Holloway, Sydney W. F. "The Apothecaries' Act, 1815: A reinterpretation." Medical History 10 (1966): 107–29, 221–36.

––––. "Medical education in England, 1830–1858. A sociological analysis." History 49 (1964): 299–324.

Howard–Jones, Norman. "Cholera therapy in the nineteenth century." Journal of the History of Medicine 27 (1972): 373–95.

Hudson, Robert. Disease and Its Control. Westwood, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1983.

Hume, Edgar E. Max von Pettenkofer, His Theory of the Etiology of Cholera. New York: Hoebner, 1927.

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Hurt, John. Education in Evolution. London: Rupert–Davis, 1971.

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Jackson, James. A Report on Spasmodic Cholera, Prepared by a Committee under the Direction of the Counsellors of the Massachusetts Medical Society. Boston: Carter & Hendee, 1832.

Jarcho, Saul. "Yellow fever, cholera, and the beginnings of medical cartography." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 25 (1970): 131–42.

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Johnson, George. On Epidemic Diarrhea and Cholera: Their Pathology and Treatment, with a Record of Cases. London: J. W. Parker & Son, 1855.

Jordan, Edwin O., George C. Whipple, and Charles E. A. Winslow. A Pioneer of Public Health. William Thompson Sedgwick. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1924.

Journal of Public Health, and Sanitary Review, vols. 1–2 (nos. 1–8; 1855–Jan. 1857). London. Includes the Transactions of the Epidemiological Society of London, 1855–56. Continued as The Sanitary Review and Journal of Public Health.

Kay–Shuttleworth, James P. The Moral and Physical Condition of the Working Classes Employed in the Cotton Manufacture in Manchester, 2nd ed. London: Ridgway, 1832.

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––––. The Medical World of the Eighteenth Century. Huntington, N.Y.: Krieger, 1958.

Lambe, William. Additional Reports on the Effects of a Peculiar Regimen in Cases of Cancer, Scrofula, Consumption, Asthma and Other Chronic Diseases. London: J. Mawman, 1815.

––––. A Medical and Experimental Inquiry, into the Origin, Symptoms, and Cure of Constitutional Diseases. London: J. Mawman, 1805.

––––. Reports on the Effects of a Peculiar Regimen on Scirrhous Tumours and Cancerous Ulcers. London: J. Mawman, 1809.

––––. Researches into the Properties of Spring Water with Medical Cautions (Illustrated by Cases) Against the Use of Lead in the Construction of Pumps, Water–Pipes, Cisterns, etc. London: J. Johnson, 1803.

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Lawson, John. Primary Education in East Yorkshire, 1560–1902. York: East Yorkshire Local History Society, 1959.

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––––. Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology. Edited by Lyon Playfair. Philadelphia: Peterson, 1856.

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––––. Researches into the Pathology and Treatment of the Asiatic or Algide Cholera. London: Churchill, 1847.

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––––. "From Bright's Disease to End–Stage Renal Disease." In Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History, edited by Charles E. Rosenberg and Janet Golden, 3–19. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

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––––. Royal National, Commercial, and Street Directory of London for 1840. London: Pigot & Co., 1839.

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