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"Contingent contagious propagation of cholera in Russia"

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London Medical Gazette
(2 February 1849): 217

PDF from photocopy, courtesy of the Taubman Medical Library, University of Michigan.

Frettenbacher reported evidence of ordinary contagion along "chief lines of human intercourse. Prevailing winds had no influence on its progress>'

Outbreaks were localized, sometimes appearing "in an epidemic form, without any communication with infected districts . . . ."

"The cholera propagated itself especially in low situations, in unhealthy and confined dwellings, where the inhabitants were previously debilitated by disease, intemperance, and other depressing causes."


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